What is Patriarchy

Biblical Base misused and taken out of context.
1 Corinthians 11:3 The head of every man is Christ, the head of woman is man, and the head of Christ is God.
Ephesians 5:21 And further, submit to one another out of reverence for Christ. 22 For wives, this means submit to your husbands as to the Lord. 23 For a husband is the head of his wife as Christ is the head of the church. He is the Savior of his body, the church. 24 As the church submits to Christ, so you wives should submit to your husbands in everything.

Patriarchy religious ideology states that the man or father is the head, chief or final authority of the household, which include his children and wife. In the Old Testament God clarified to Noah the so called family order headship or hierarchy from husband, children and wife, to husband and wife. However, patriarchy continue promoting a hierarchal model of power and control on family relationships, which manifest as power and control over the woman and her children.

Then God said to Noah, 16 "Come out of the ark, you and your wife and your sons and their wives. ... So Noah came out, together with his sons and his wife and his sons' wives. (Genesis 8:15,18)

For the sixth year in a row, President Bush’s budget request falls far short of the amount of spending Congress authorized for the http://www.usdoj.gov/ovw/regulations.htm" Violence Against Women Act (VAWA). Overall, his budget "http://stopfamilyviolence.org/media/VAWA08approps.pdf provides only 54% of authorized funding levels for lifesaving domestic violence, sexual assault, stalking and dating violence programs - and several programs would receive no funding at all! What’s more, instead of providing a specific amount of funding to the program areas designated by Congress, President Bush proposes allocating funds to the states as a lump sum "http://womensenews.org/article.cfm/dyn/aid/3064/context/archive " where the funds could be spent in a way that doesn’t correspond to identified priorities.However in the United States a woman is raped every six minutes; a woman is battered every fifteen seconds.

At least one in three women have been beaten, coerced into sex, or otherwise abused in her lifetime. Women do not have basic control over what happens to their bodies. Violence is part a of women's life and when spoken about it all they hear is "Prove it." Women are not able to depend on their government to protect them from physical or sexual violence in the home or in their societies. Violence against women is rooted in a global culture of discrimination which denies women equal rights with men and which legitimizes the appropriation of women's bodies for individual gratification or political ends. Every year, violence in the home and the community devastates the lives of millions of women. http://www.amnestyusa.org/women/violence/

Patriarchy Definitions

Pronunciation: (pā'trē-är"kē),
1. a form of social organization in which the father is the supreme authority in the family, clan, or tribe and descent is reckoned in the male line, with the children belonging to the father's clan or tribe.
2. a society, community, or country based on this social organization. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, Copyright © 1997, by Random House, Inc., on Infoplease.) (from Greek: pater (genitive form patris, showing the root patr-), meaning father and arché meaning rule) is the anthropological term used to define the sociological condition where fathers have supreme authority within families and male members of a society tend to predominate in positions of power; with the more powerful the position, the more likely it is that a male will hold that position. The term patriarchy is also used in systems of ranking male leadership in certain hierarchical churches or religious bodies (see patriarch and Patriarchate). Examples include the Greek Orthodox and Russian Orthodox churches. Finally, the term patriarchy is used pejoratively to describe a seemingly immobile and sclerotic political order. (from ://www.answers.com/topic/patriarchy)

Patriarchy, rule by the father or a male authority. The word patriarchy comes from the Latin word pater, which means father. It most often refers to the political power and authority of males in a society. Patriarchy can also refer to the power of fathers within families.

A society is considered patriarchal when men establish or inherit a social order where they dominate positions of power and authority or when important achievements and historical events are attributed to the actions of men. For example, the Roman Catholic Church believes that God the Father passed down his authority to the bishops, who are sometimes called patriarchs. In the Roman Catholic Church, only men are allowed to be bishops. In the United States the men who signed the Constitution are referred to as “founding fathers.” A society may also be considered patriarchal when the heads of households or leaders of the country must possess conventionally accepted male attributes, such as physical strength or aggressive behavior, to gain and keep their positions.

In early history, many Western thinkers believed that male dominance was the natural or God-given order of society. That belief declined after the 18th century, particularly with the advent of the [[http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761574034/Women’s_Rights.html|women’s rights]] movement. The women’s rights movement promoted the political, social, and economic equality of women. But in the 20th century, with the rise of sentiment against feminism and the growth of religious fundamentalism, there has been a resurgence in some parts of the world of the belief that patriarchy is the natural order of society, including in the West. For example, after a new fundamentalist Muslim regime took over in Iran in 1979, women were segregated from men at social functions, barred from becoming judges or senior religious leaders, forbidden to leave the country without the permission of their husbands and required to wear the chador, a long black cloth that covers the head and body. Another example is Promise Keepers, a male Christian revival movement in the United States. One of the beliefs of this movement is that men have relinquished their authority in the family to women, and they need to reclaim it. ( http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761589423/Patriarchy.html)
"Patriarchy," Microsoft® Encarta® Online Encyclopedia 2007
http://encarta.msn.com © 1997-2007 Microsoft Corporation. All Rights Reserved.

Posted on March 21, 2007 by tigtog
Patriarchy: one of the most misunderstood critical-theory concepts ever, often wilfully misunderstood. Patriarchy is an ancient and ongoing social system based on traditions of elitism (a hierarchy of inferiorities), privilege and the subjugation of women via strict gender expectations which constrain individualist expressions. Some societies are more patriarchal than others, but patriarchal social traditions are universal in human societies.
Not all men are Patriarchs. A Patriarch is a man who has special power and influence over not just his family but also in society, due to privileges gathered through intersections of age, wealth, achievement, lineage, patronage and the exploitation of others.
Men do not generally conspire with Patriarchs (although they may aspire to become one): men simply have a place above women in the traditional socioeconomic hierarchy from which Patriarchs skim the cream, meaning that men (as a group) benefit more from the injustices of Patriarchy than women do (as a group).
In primitive and lawless societies patriarchal organisation has survival benefits for women and children, at a price: subjugation and often misogynistic abuse. Civilisation (generally) has advanced a long way from the days of the ancient ruthless patriarchs who held the power of life and death over their extended families/clans, and survival is (generally) no longer dependant on formal subjugation to a Patriarch, either for men or women.
{Finally Feminism 101: http://finallyfeminism101.wordpress.com/} (http://finallyfeminism101.wordpress.com/2007/03/21/faq-isnt-the-patriarchy-just-some-conspiracy-theory-that-blames-all-men-even-decent-men-for-womens-woes/)

Patriarchy is a lens that keeps certain things out of focus. It is etiquette disguised as ethics, a system of more or less arbitrary values masquerading as the natural and right order of things. It defines men as the standard for humanity and women as something slightly less than that, and therefore robs us all of our full humanity. Patriarchy is what makes women believe that they are supposed to serve the needs of men, and encourages men to accept this as their due.(From: Dr Elisabeth A Horst is a practicing psychologist in Minneapolis and a member of the ISTI Board. http://www.csbsju.edu/isti/ISTIArticles/Patriarchy.html)

Patriarchal social structures are:

Here is a basic definition of patriarchy to use as a conceptual tool (based on Allan G. Johnson's The Gender Knot): (from: gray.intrasun.tcnj.edu/... /a_basic_definition_of_patriarchy.htm - )

1. Male dominated--which doesn't mean that all men are powerful or all women are powerless--only that the most powerful roles in most sectors of society are held predominantly by men, and the least powerful roles are held predominantly by women

2. Organized around an obsession with control, with men elevated in the social structure because of their presumed ability to exert control (whether rationally or through violence or the threat of violence) and women devalued for their supposed lack of control--women are assumed to need men's supervision, protection, or control

3. Male identified aspects of society and personal attributes that are highly valued are associated with men, while devalued attributes and social activities are associated with women. There is a sense of threat to the social structure of patriarchies when these gendered associations are destabilized--and the response in patriarchy is to increase the level of control, often by exerting control over women (as well as groups who are devalued by virtue of race, ethnicity, sexuality, or class).

4. Male centered: It is taken for granted that the center of attention is the natural place for men and boys, and that women should occupy the margins. Public attention is focused on men. (To test this, take a look at any daily newspaper; what do you find on the front page about men? about women?)

Islam and the face of patriarchy

Husband right over sexual gratification Husband right to beat his wife